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The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I Stakes race for three-year-old thoroughbred racehorses, held every June at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. It is run at 1-1/2 miles (2.4 km), and is the third and final jewel in the Triple Crown. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kg) and fillies carry 121 pounds (55 kg). 

History[]

The first Belmont Stakes was held at Jerome Park Racetrack in The Bronx, built in 1866 by stock market speculator Leonard Jerome (1817-1891) and financed by August Belmont, Sr. (1816-1890), for whom the race was named. The race continued to be held at Jerome Park until 1890, when it was moved to nearby facility, Morris Park Racecourse. The race remained there until the 1905 opening of the new Belmont Park, 430 acres (1.7 km squared) racetrack in Elmont, New York, on Long Island just outside the New York City borough of Queens. 

When anti-gambling legislation was passed in New York State, Belmont Racetrack was closed, and the race was cancelled in 1911 and 1912. 

The first post parade in the United States was held at the 14th Belmont, in 1880. Before 1921, the race was run in the clockwise tradition of English racing. Since then, the race has been run in the American, or counter-clockwise, direction. The winner of the Belmont Stakes is presented the August Belmont Trophy, one of the most prestigious trophies in the country. 

Because of its length (one lap around the enormous Belmont main track), and because it is the final race in the Triple Crown, it is called "The Test of the Champion". Most three-year-olds are unaccustomed to the distance, and the lack of experience, if not the stamina, to mantain a winning speed for so long. In a long race such as the Belmont, positioning of the horse and the timing of the move to chase for the lead are critical. 

The race was held at Aqueduct Racetrack from 1963 to 1967, while Belmont was restored and renovated.

Triple Crown Series[]

On eleven occasions, the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes.

The Belmont Stakes is held on the first Saturday that falls on or after June 5. The Kentucky Derby is always held on the first Saturday in May; the Preakness Stakes is held two weeks later, and the Belmont Stakes is three weeks after that. The earliest possible date for the Derby is May 1, and the latest is May 7; the earliest possible date for the Belmont is June 5, and the latest is June 11. 

The first winner of the Triple Crown was Sir Barton, in 1919. Count Fleet won the race by a large margin of twenty-five lengths is 1943. One June 9, 1973, Secretariat won the Belmont by 31 lengths, in a record time of 2:24, becoming a Triple Crown champion. His record still stands as the fastest speed for the Belmont Stakes. 

Changes in Distance[]

The Belmont Stakes was run at a mile and five furlongs from 1867 to 1873; a mile and a quarter in 1890-1892, 1895, and 1904-1905; a mile and a furlong in 1893 and 1894; a mile and three furlongs from 1896-1903 and 1906-1925. The current distance of a mile and a half was established in 1926.

Records[]

Most wins by a jockey

Most wins by a trainer

  • 8 - James G. Rowe, Sr
  • 7 - Sam Hildreth
  • 6 - Jim Fitzsimmons
  • 5 - Woody Stephens (all consecutive years from 1982-1986)
  • 4 - Max Hirsch, D. Wayne Lukas, R. Wyndham Walden
  • 3 - J. Elliot Burch, John M. Gaver, Sr., Lucien Laurin, Frank McCabe, David McDaniel

Most wins by an owner

  • 6 - Belair Stud (1930, 1932, 1935, 1936, 1939, 1955)
  • 6 - James R. Keene (1879, 1901, 1904, 1907, 1908, 1910)
  • 5 - Dwyer Brothers Stable (1883, 1884, 1886, 1887, 1888)
  • 4 - August Belmont, Jr./Blemton Stable (1896, 1902, 1916, 1917)
  • 4 - Harry P. Whitney (1905, 1906, 1913, 1918)
  • 4 - Glen Riddle Farm (1920, 1925, 1926, 1937)
  • 4 - Greentree Stable (1931, 1942, 1949, 1968)

Stakes Record

Other records

  • Only James G. Rowe, Sr and George M. Odom have won the Belmont Stakes as both jockey and trainer.
  • On June 5, 1993 Thoroughbred racing's all-time leading female jockey, Julie Krone, became the first woman to win a Triple Crown race when she rode to victory in the Belmont Stakes aboard Colonial Affair.
  • In 1984, Sarah Lundy became the first female trainer to saddle a horse in the Belmont Stakes.
  • The 2002 race had the biggest attendence in the park's history with 103,222.
  • Sarava, at odds of 70-1, upset War Emblem's bid for the Triple Crown.
  • Braulio Baeza has the distinction of winning three Belmont Stakes over three different surfaces. He won in his Belmont Stakes debut on 65-1 longshot Sherluck in 1961 at the old Belmont Park; in 1963 on Chateaugay when the race was run at Aqueduct; and in 1969 on Arts and Letters at the new Belmont Park.

Filies[]

Three fillies have won the Belmont Stakes in 144 races:

  • 1867 - Ruthless
  • 1905 - Tanya
  • 2007 - Rags to Riches

Three fillies have won the Kentucky Derby in 138 races. On average, fillies have won between 2% and 3% of the Triple Crown races, with similar numbers for geldings; while about 95% of these high-stakes races have been won by colts. (Until 1957, geldings were not allowed to run in the Belmont Stakes and that, due to the belief that fillies could not compete against colts, they were seldom entered into races in which males primarily ran in.

Foreign-born winners[]

  • 1874 - Saxon (United Kingdom)
  • 1898 - Bowling Brook (United Kingdom)
  • 1917 - Hourless (United Kingdom)
  • 1918 - Johren (United Kingdom)
  • 1957 - Gallant Man (United Kingdom)
  • 1958 - Cavan (Ireland)
  • 1960 - Celtic Ash (United Kingdom)
  • 1990 - Go And Go (Ireland)
  • 1998 - Victory Gallop (Canada)

Winners[]

An * designates a Triple Crown winner.

A ** designates a filly.

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner Time
2013 Palace Malice Mike Smith Todd Pletcher Dogwood Stable 2:30.70
2012 Union Rags John Velazquez Michael Matz Phyllis M. Wyeth 2:30.42
2011 Ruler On Ice Jose Valdivia, Jr. Kelly Breen George and Lori Hall 2:30.88
2010 Drosselmeyer Mike Smith William Mott WinStar Farm LLC 2:31.57
2009 Summer Bird Kent Desormeaux Tim Ice Kalarikkal & Vilasini Jayaraman 2:27.54
2008 Da'Tara Alan Garcia Nick Zito Robert V. LaPenta 2:29.65
2007 Rags to Riches** John Velazquez Todd Pletcher M. Tabor & D. Smith 2:28.74
2006 Jazil Fernando Jara Kiaran McLaughlin Shadwell Farm 2:27.81
2005 Afleet Alex Jeremy Rose Timothy Ritchey Cash is King LLC 2:28.75
2004 Birdstone Edgar Prado Nick Zito Marylou Whitney Stables 2:27.50
2003 Empire Maker Jerry Bailey Robert Frankel Juddmonte Farms 2:28.26
2002 Sarava Edgar Prado Kenneth McPeek New Phoenix Stable 2:29.71
2001 Point Given Gary Stevens Bob Baffert The Thoroughbred Corp. 2:26.80
2000 Commendable Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas Bob & Beverly Lewis 2:31.20
1999 Lemon Drop Kid Jose Santos Scotty Schulhofer Jeanne G. Vance 2:27.80
1998 Victory Gallop Gary Stevens W. Elliot Walden Prestonwood Farm 2:29.00
1997 Touch Gold Chris McCarron David Hofmans Frank Stronach 2:28.80
1996 Editor's Note Rene R. Douglas D. Wayne Lukas Overbrook Farm 2:28.80
1995 Thunder Gulch Gary Stevens D. Wayne Lukas* Michael Tabor 2:32.00
1994 Tabasco Cat Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas Reynolds/Overbrook 2:26.80
1993 Colonial Affair Julie Krone Scotty Schulhofer Centennial Farms 2:29.80
1992 A.P. Indy Ed Delahoussaye Neil Drysdale Tomonori Tsurumaki 2:26.13
1991 Hansel Jerry Bailey Frank L. Brothers Lazy Lane Farm 2:28.00
1990 Go And Go Michael Kinane Dermot K. Weld Moyglare Stud Farm 2:27.20
1989 Easy Goer Pat Day C. R. McGaughey III Ogden Phipps 2:26.00
1988 Risen Star Ed Delahoussaye Louie J. Roussel III Louie J. Roussel III 2:26.40
1987 Bet Twice Craig Perret Jimmy Croll Blanche P. Levy 2:28.20
1986 Danzig Connection Chris McCarron Woody Stephens Henryk de Kwiatkowski 2:29.80
1985 Creme Fraiche Eddie Maple Woody Stephens Brushwood Stables 2:27.00
1984 Swale Laffit Pincay, Jr. Woody Stephens Claiborne Farm 2:27.20
1983 Caveat Laffit Pincay, Jr. Woody Stephens August Belmont IV 2:27.80
1982 Conquistador Cielo Laffit Pincay, Jr. Woody Stephens Henryk de Kwiatkowski 2:28.20
1981 Summing  George Martens Luis Barrera Charles T. Wilson, Jr. 2:29.00
1980 Temperence Hill Eddie Maple Joseph P. Cantey Loblolly Stable 2:29.80
1979 Coastal Ruben Hernandez David A. Whiteley William Haggin Perry 2:28.60
1978 Affirmed* Steve Cauthen Laz Barrera Harbor View Farm 2:26.80
1977 Seattle Slew* Jean Cruguet William H. Turner, Jr. Karen L. Taylor 2:29.60
1976 Bold Forbes Angel Cordero, Jr Laz Barrera E. Rodriguez Tizol 2:29.00
1975 Avatar Bill Shoemaker Tommy Doyle Arthur A. Seeligson, Jr. 2:28.20
1974 Little Current Miguel A. Rivera Lou Rondinello Darby Dan Farm 2:29.20
1973 Secretariat* Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stable 2:24.00
1972 Riva Ridge Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stud 2:28.00
1971 Pass Catcher

Walter Blum

Eddie Yowell October House Farm 2:30.40
1970 High Echelon John L. Rotz John W. Jacobs Ethel D. Jacobs 2:34.00
1969 Arts And Letters Braulio Baeza J. Elliott Burch Rokeby Stables 2:28.80
1968 Stage Door Johnny Heliodoro Gustines John M. Gaver, Jr. Greentree Stable 2:27.20
1967 Damascus  Bill Shoemaker Frank Y. Whitely, Jr. Edith W. Bancroft 2:28.80
1966 Amberoid William Boland Lucien Laurin Reginald N. Webster 2:29.60
1965 Hail To All Johnny Sellers Eddie Yowell Zelda Cohen 2:28.40
1964 Quadrangle Manuel Ycaza J. Elliott Burch Rokeby Stables 2:28.40
1963 Chateaugay Braulio Baeza James P. Conway Darby Dan Farm 2:30.20
1962 Jaipur Bill Shoemaker Bet Mulholland George D. Widener, Jr. 2:28.80
1961 Sherluck Braulio Baeza Harold Young Jacob Sher 2:29.20
1960 Celtic Ash Bill Hartack Thomas J. Barry Joseph E. O'Connell 2:29.20
1959 Sword Dancer Bill Shoemaker J. Elliott Burch Brookmeade Stable 2:28.40
1958 Cavan Pete Anderson Thomas J. Barry Joseph E. O'Connell 2:30.20
1957 Gallant Man Bill Shoemaker John A. Nerud Ralph Lowe 2:26.60
1956 Needles David Erb Hugh L. Fontaine D & H Stable 2:29.80
1955 Nasua Eddie Arcaro Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 2:29.00
1954 High Gun Eric Guerin Max Hirsch King Ranch 2:30.80
1953 Native Dancer Eric Guerin Bill Winfrey Alfred G. Vanderbilt II 2:28.60
1952 One Count Eddie Arcaro Oscar White Sarah F. Jeffords 2:30.20
1951 Counterpoint David Gorman Slyvester Veitch C. V. Whitney 2:29.00
1950 Middleground William Boland Max Hirsch King Ranch 2:28.60
1949 Capot Ted Atkinson John M. Gaver, Sr, Greentree Stable 2:30.20
1948 Citation* Eddie Arcaro Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 2:28.20
1947 Phalanx Ruperto Donoso Slyvester Veitch C. V. Whitney 2:29.40
1946 Assault* Warren Mehrtens Max Hirsch King Ranch 2:30.80
1945 Pavot Eddie Arcaro Oscar White Walter M. Jeffords, Sr. 2:30.20
1944 Bounding Home Gayle Smith Matt Brady William Ziegler, Jr. 2:32.20
1943 Count Fleet* Johnny Longden Don Cameron Fannie Hertz 2:28.20
1942 Shut Out Eddie Arcaro John M. Gaver, Sr. Greentree Stable 2:29.20
1941 Whirlaway* Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 2:31.00
1940 Bimelech Fred A. Smith William J. Hurley Edward R. Bradley 2:29.60
1939 Johnstown James Stout Jimm Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 2:29.60
1938 Pasteurized James Stout George M. Odom Carol Harriman Plunkett 2:29.40
1937 War Admiral* Charley Kurtsinger George Conway Glen Riddle Farm 2:28.60
1936 Granville James Stout Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 2:30.00
1935 Omaha Willie Saunders Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 2:30.60
1934 Peace Chance Wayne D. Wright

Pete Coyne

Joseph E. Widener 2:29.20
1933 Hurryoff Mack Garner Henry McDaniel Joseph E. Widener 2:32.60
1932 Faireno Tommy Malley Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 2:32.80
1931 Twenty Grand Charley Kurtsinger James G. Rowe, Jr. Greentree Stable 2:29.60
1930 Gallant Fox* Earl Sande Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 2:31.60
1929 Blue Larkspur Mack Garner Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 2:32.80
1928 Vito Clarence Kummer Max Hirsch Alfred H. Cosden 2:33.20
1927 Chance Shot Earl Sande Pete Coyne Joseph E. Widener 2:32.40
1926 Crusader Albert Johnson George Conway Glen Riddle Farm 2:32.20
1925 American Flag Albert Johnson Gwyn R. Tompkins Glen Riddle Farm 2:16.80
1924 Mad Play Earl Sande Sam Hildreth Rancocas Stable 2:18.80
1923 Zev Earl Sande Sam Hildreth Rancocas Stable 2:19.00
1922 Pillory C. H. Miller Thomas J. Healey Richard T. Wilson, Jr. 2:18.80
1921 Grey Lag Earl Sande Sam Hildreth Rancocas Stable 2:16.80
1920 Man o'War Clarence Kummer Louis Feustel Glen Riddle Farm 2:14.20
1919 Sir Barton* Johnny Loftus H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross 2:17.40
1918 Johren Frank Robinson Albert Simons Harry P. Whitney 2:20.40
1917 Hourless James H. Butwell Sam Hildreth August Belmont, Jr. 2:17.80
1916 Friar Rock

Everett Haynes

Sam Hildreth August Belmont, Jr. 2:22.00
1915 The Finn George Byrne Edward W. Heffner Henry C. Hallenbeck 2:18.40
1914 Luke McLuke Merritt Buxton  John F. Schorr John W. Schorr 2:20.00
1913 Prince Eugene Roscoe Troxler James G. Rowe, Sr. Harry P. Whitney 2:18.00
1912 No race was held
1911 No race was held
1910 Sweep James H. Butwell James G. Rowe, Sr. James R. Keene 2:22.00
1909 Joe Madden Eddie Dugan Sam Hildreth Sam Hildreth 2:21.60
1908 Colin Joe Notter James G. Rowe, Sr. James R. Keene N/A
1907 Peter Pan

George Mountain

James G. Rowe, Sr. James R. Keene N/A
1906 Burgomaster Lucien Lyne John W. Rogers Harry P. Whitney 2:20.00
1905 Tanya** Gene Hildebrand John W. Rogers Harry P. Whitney 2:08.00
1904 Delhi George M. Odom James G. Rowe, Sr. James R. Keene 2:06.60
1903 Africander John Bullman Richard O. Miller Hampton Stable 2:21.75
1902 Masterman John Bullman John J. Hyland August Belmont, Jr. 2:22.60
1901 Commando Henry Spencer James G. Rowe, Sr. James R. Keene 2:21.00
1900 Ildrim Nash Turner H. Eugene Leigh H. Eugene Leigh 2:21.25
1899 Jean Bereaud Richard Clawson Sam Hildreth Sydney Paget 2:23.00
1898 Bowling Brook Fred Littlefield R. Wyndham Walden A. H. & D. H. Morris 2:32.00
1897

Scottish Chieftain

Joe Scherrer

Matt Byrnes Marcus Daly 2:23.25
1896 Hastings Henry Griffin John L. Hyland Blemton Stable 2:24.50
1895 Belmar Fred Taral Edward Feakes Preakness Stables 2:11.50
1894 Henry of Navarre Willie Simms Byron McClelland Byron McClelland 1:56.60
1893 Commanche Willie Simms Gus Hannon Empire Stable 1:53.25
1892 Patron William Hayward John Huggins A. J. Cassatt 2:47.25
1891 Foxford Edward R. Garrison M. Donavan C. E. Rand 2:08.75
1890 Burlington Pike Barnes Albert Cooper Hough Bros. 2:07.75
1889 Eric William Hayward John Huggins A. J. Cassatt 2:47.25
1888 Sir Dixon Jim McLaughlin Frank McCabe Dwyer Bros. Stable 2:40.25
1887 Hanover Jim McLaughlin Frank McCabe Dwyer Bros. Stable 2:43.50
1886 Inspector B Jim McLaughlin Frank McCabe Dwyer Bros. Stable 2:41.00
1885 Tyrant Paul Duffy C. Claypool James B. A. Haggin 2:43.00
1884 Panique Jim McLaughlin James G. Rowe, Sr. Dwyer Bros. Stable 2:42.00
1883 George Kinney Jim McLaughlin James G. Rowe, Sr. Dwyer Bros. Stable 2:42.50
1882 Forester Jim McLaughlin Lewis Stuart Appleby & Johnson 2:43.00
1881 Saunterer Tom Costello R. Wyndham Walden George L. Lorillard 2:47.00
1880

Grenada

W. Hughes R. Wyndham Walden George L. Lorillard 2:47.00
1879 Spendthrift George Evans Thomas Puryear James R. Keene 2:42.75
1878 Duke of Magenta W. Hughes R. Wyndham Walden George L. Lorillard 2:43.50
1877 Cloverbrook C. Holloway Jeter Walden E. A. Clabaugh 2:46.00
1876 Algerine Billy Donohue Thomas W. Doswell Doswell & Co. 2:40.50
1875 Calvin Bobby Swim Ansel Williamson Hal P. McGrath 2:42.25
1874 Saxon George Barbee W. Prior Pierre Lorillard IV 2:39.50
1873 Springbok James G. Rowe, Sr. David McDaniel David McDaniel 3:01.75
1872 Joe Daniels James G. Rowe, Sr. David McDaniel David McDaniel 2:58.25
1871 Harry Bassett Walter Miller David McDaniel David McDaniel 2:56.00
1870 Kingfisher Edward D. Brown Rollie Colston Daniel Swigert 2:59.50
1869 Fenian C. Miller Jacob Pincus August Belmont 3:04.25

1868

1867

General Duke

Ruthless**

Bobby Swim

Gilbert Patrick

A. Thompson

A. Jack Minor

McDonnell & Co.

Francis Morris

3:02.00

3:05.00

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